Chhath Puja

Chhath Puja

Chhat Puja

Chhath Puja, the Mahaparava of Surya worship, is performed on the sixth day immediately after the five-day Diwali festival. Preparations for this puja are going on in full swing. According to the Hindi calendar, this Mahaparava is celebrated from Chaturthi Tithi of Shukla Paksha of Kartik month to Saptami Tithi. The entire family gathers together on this four day festival and celebrates it with pomp. Chhath Puja.

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Chhath Puja Fulfills All Wishes

Karthik Shukla Paksha Shashthi Date

Chhath Puja is celebrated on the Shashthi of Kartik Shukla Paksha. This festival is basically celebrated with great pomp in Bihar, Jharkhand, Nepal and Eastern Uttar Pradesh. In this, the sixth mother and sun god is worshiped. This festival is of four days.

This Festival is Celebrated After Deepawali

Mainly this festival starts on the third day of Bhaiyyuduj. Shukla’s Shashthi got its name Chhath Puja due to celebrating this festival. People fasting during this fast for 36 hours.

Chhath fast begins with a bath

The Chhath Puja fast begins with the ritual called Nahai-Khay. On the first day of the fast, it is made clean by cleaning the house. On this day, fasters make pure vegetarian food and eat it. On this day, fasters eat pumpkin vegetable, lentils and rice.

Prasad is Distributed in Kharna

The second day of Chhath Puja fast is on the Shukla Panchami of Kartik month. It is kept fast throughout the day. Food is eaten in the evening. This is called kharna ritual. Under this, our neighbors and acquaintances are called to receive offerings.

Prasad is Distributed in Kharna

The prasad consists of rice pudding made of sugarcane juice and milk, rice pith and ghee.

Arghya Gives The Evening on The River Bank

The third day of Chhath Puja fast falls on the sixth day of Kartik month. In it, in the evening, the fasting person stands in a river or pond and offers arghya to the sun.

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Arghya Gives The Evening on The River Bank

Also, in a bamboo basket, the thekua made of fine flour, rice laddus, sugarcane, radish and other vegetables and fruits are kept, it is called soup. This Prasad is offered to the Sun God and the sixth Mai after Arghya.

Chhath-Puja Ends With Paran on The Last Day

The last day of Chhath Puja fast falls on Shukla Saptami of Kartik month. People observing this fast go to the same river or pond before sunrise and offer arghya to the sun god where they gave in the evening.

Chhath Puja Ends With Paran on The Last Day

Fast Holders Have to Renounce Happiness

The fasting of Chhath Puja is very difficult. In this, all the fast holders have to give up the amenities. Under this, the people keeping the fast have to sleep by laying a blanket or a sheet on the ground. There should be no stitching in it. Most of the women observe this fast. Presently, some men are also observing this fast.

History of Chhath Puja

According to one belief, Shri Ram and Mata Sita performed Chhath Puja after conquering Lanka. He kept fast on Kartik Shukla’s Shashthi. In this, he worshiped the sun god. Chhath Puja.

Draupadi Kept Chhath Fast For Her Family

According to another legend, Draupadi also performed Chhath Puja during the Mahabharata period. He kept this fast for the better health of his family. She regularly worshiped Sun God for her long life.

Suryaputra-Karna also Performed Chhath Puja

According to other mythology, Chhath Puja was first performed by Surya son Karna. He had great faith in Sun God. He always stood in the water up to the waist and offered arghya to the sun. It was due to the grace of Sun God that he received a lot of respect in the world.

The King Kept Chhath Vrat Due to The Wishes of His Son

It is said that there was a king named Priyavad at one time. He had no children. For this, Maharishi Kashyap performed a yajna and offered kheer made for the worship of the king to the wife of the king, Malini. This gave him a son, but he was dead. In this disconnection, the king was going to give up his life, then Brahma Ji’s psyche Kanya Devasena appeared.

The King Kept Chhath Vrat Due to The Wishes of His Son

You worship me and inspire others as well. The king fasted the mother of Shashthi for the recovery of the son, from which he got child after some time.

Mythological & Popular Folk Tales

There are many mythological and folk tales that proclaim the tradition of Chhath Puja and its importance. The most important aspect of worship is its simplicity, purity and lokpaksha. This festival, full of devotion and spirituality, does not require huge pandals and grand temples nor idols of opulence.

According to a mythological folklore, after the conquest of Lanka, Maryada Purushottam Rama returned to Ayodhya on the day of Deepavali after completing a period of fourteen years of exile.

After Ram’s coronation, Rama and Sita worshiped the deity Lord Surya by fasting on Kartik Shukla Shashthi and taking blessings to establish Ram Rajya from Lord Saptami by completing their rituals at sunrise. . Since then the festival of Chhath became popular.

According to another belief, Chhath festival started in the Mahabharata period. First Sun son Karna started worshiping Sun God. Karna was the supreme devotee of Lord Surya. He used to stand in water till the waist for hours every day and offer arghya to the sun. It was by the grace of the Sun that he became a great warrior. Even today, this method of arghya dan is prevalent in Chhath.

Some stories mention the worship of the Sun by Draupadi, the wife of the Pandavas. She wished regular health to her family and performed regular sun worship for a long life.

The king fasted the goddess Shashthi with a son’s will and he received the son Ratna.

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